A Python content management system designed for kirsle.net featuring a blog, comments and photo albums. https://rophako.kirsle.net/
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Apache Configuration

Here’s some tips on getting Rophako set up on Apache.

mod_wsgi

For simple sites you can set it up with mod_wsgi in Apache.

Apache configuration:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName www.example.com
    WSGIDaemonProcess rophako user=www-data group=www-data threads=5 home=/home/www-data/git/rophako
    WSGIScriptAlias / /home/www-data/git/rophako/app.wsgi
    WSGIScriptReloading On
    CustomLog /home/www-data/logs/access_log combined
    ErrorLog /home/www-data/logs/error_log

    <Directory /home/www-data/sites/rophako>
        WSGIProcessGroup rophako
        WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

app.wsgi

A copy of app.wsgi is included in the git repo’s root. Here it is though for reference. This assumes you’re using a Python virtualenv named “rophako”:

#!/usr/bin/env python

"""WSGI runner script for the Rophako CMS."""

import sys
import os

# Add the CWD to the path.
sys.path.append(".")

# Use the 'rophako' virtualenv.
activate_this = os.environ['HOME']+'/.virtualenv/rophako/bin/activate_this.py'
execfile(activate_this, dict(__file__=activate_this))

from rophako import app as application

# vim:ft=python

mod_fcgid and mod_rewrite

For kirsle.net I needed to set it up using mod_fcgid because my site has a lot of legacy URLs to old static files, so Rophako needs to serve the main website pages and Apache needs to serve everything else.

Apache configuration:

# Rophako www.kirsle.net
<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName www.kirsle.net
    DocumentRoot /home/kirsle/www
    CustomLog /home/kirsle/logs/access_log combined
    ErrorLog /home/kirsle/logs/error_log
    SuexecUserGroup kirsle kirsle

    <Directory "/home/kirsle/www">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks ExecCGI
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>

    <Directory "/home/kirsle/www/fcgi">
        SetHandler fcgid-script
        Options +ExecCGI
        AllowOverride all
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

.htaccess configuration:

This goes in ~/www/.htaccess

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
    RewriteEngine on
    RewriteBase /
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
    RewriteRule ^(.*)$ /fcgi/index.fcgi/$1 [QSA,L]
    RewriteRule ^$ /fcgi/index.fcgi/ [QSA,L]
</IfModule>

FastCGI script

This is my FastCGI script I wrote to launch Rophako. Important things to note:

  • The shebang line points to the Python binary in my virtualenv.
  • I modify sys.path and chdir to my git checkout folder for Rophako.
  • The ScriptNameStripper allows mod_rewrite to work best. Without it you’ll sometimes get URL paths like /fcgi/index.fcgi/blog/entry/... etc. from Flask because that’s what it thinks its path is.
#!/home/kirsle/.virtualenv/rophako/bin/python

import os
import sys
sys.path.append("/home/kirsle/git/rophako")
os.chdir("/home/kirsle/git/rophako")

from flup.server.fcgi import WSGIServer
from rophako import app

class ScriptNameStripper(object):
    def __init__(self, app):
        self.app = app

    def __call__(self, environ, start_response):
        environ["SCRIPT_NAME"] = ""
        return self.app(environ, start_response)

app = ScriptNameStripper(app)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    WSGIServer(app).run()