User interface toolkit for Go with support for SDL2 and HTML Canvas render targets.
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# ui: User Interface Toolkit for Go
[![GoDoc](https://godoc.org/git.kirsle.net/go/ui?status.svg)](https://godoc.org/git.kirsle.net/go/ui)
Package ui is a user interface toolkit for Go that targets desktop
applications (SDL2, for Linux, MacOS and Windows) as well as web browsers
(WebAssembly rendering to an HTML Canvas).
![Screenshot](docs/guitest.png)
> _(Screenshot is from Project: Doodle's GUITest debug screen showing a_
> _Window, several Frames, Labels, Buttons and a Checkbox widget.)_
It is very much a **work in progress** and may contain bugs and its API may
change as bugs are fixed or features added.
This library is being developed in conjunction with my drawing-based maze
game, [Project: Doodle](https://www.kirsle.net/doodle). The rendering engine
library is at [go/render](https://git.kirsle.net/go/render) which provides
the SDL2 and Canvas back-ends.
(GitHub mirror: [kirsle/render](https://github.com/kirsle/render))
**Notice:** the canonical source repository for this project is at
[git.kirsle.net/go/ui](https://git.kirsle.net/go/ui) with a mirror available
on GitHub at [kirsle/ui](https://github.com/kirsle/ui). Issues and pull
requests are accepted on GitHub.
# Example
```go
package main
import (
"fmt"
"git.kirsle.net/go/render"
"git.kirsle.net/go/ui"
)
func main() {
mw, err := ui.NewMainWindow("Hello World")
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}
mw.SetBackground(render.White)
// Draw a label.
label := ui.NewLabel(ui.Label{
Text: "Hello, world!",
Font: render.Text{
FontFilename: "../DejaVuSans.ttf",
Size: 32,
Color: render.SkyBlue,
Shadow: render.SkyBlue.Darken(40),
},
})
mw.Pack(label, ui.Pack{
Side: ui.N,
PadY: 12,
})
// Draw a button.
button := ui.NewButton("My Button", ui.NewLabel(ui.Label{
Text: "Click me!",
Font: render.Text{
FontFilename: "../DejaVuSans.ttf",
Size: 12,
Color: render.Red,
Padding: 4,
},
}))
button.Handle(ui.Click, func(p render.Point) {
fmt.Println("I've been clicked!")
})
mw.Pack(button, ui.Pack{
Side: ui.N,
})
2 years ago
// Add a mouse-over tooltip to the button.
ui.NewTooltip(button, ui.Tooltip{
Text: "You know you want to click this button",
Edge: ui.Right,
})
mw.MainLoop()
}
```
# Widgets and Features
The following widgets have been implemented or are planned for the future.
Widgets are designed to be composable, making use of pre-existing widgets to
create more complex ones. The widgets here are ordered from simplest to
most complex.
**Fully implemented widgets:**
* [x] **BaseWidget**: the base class of all Widgets.
* The `Widget` interface describes the functions common to all Widgets,
such as SetBackground, Configure, MoveTo, Resize, and so on.
* BaseWidget provides sane default implementations for all the methods
required by the Widget interface. Most Widgets inherit from
the BaseWidget.
* [x] **Frame**: a layout wrapper for other widgets.
* Pack() lets you add child widgets to the Frame, aligned against one side
or another, and ability to expand widgets to take up remaining space in
their part of the Frame.
* Place() lets you place child widgets relative to the parent. You can place
it at an exact Point, or against the Top, Left, Bottom or Right sides, or
aligned to the Center (horizontal) or Middle (vertical) of the parent.
* [x] **Label**: Textual labels for your UI.
* Supports TrueType fonts, color, stroke, drop shadow, font size, etc.
* Variable binding support: TextVariable or IntVariable can point to a
string or int reference, respectively, to provide the text of the label
dynamically.
* [x] **Image**: show a PNG or Bitmap image on your UI.
* [x] **Button**: clickable buttons.
* They can wrap _any_ widget. Labels are most common but can also wrap a
Frame so you can have labels + icon images inside the button, etc.
* Mouse hover and click event handlers.
* [x] **CheckButton** and **RadioButton**
* Variants on the Button which bind to a variable and toggle its state
when clicked. Boolean variable pointers are used with CheckButton and
string pointers for RadioButton.
* CheckButtons stay pressed in when clicked (true) and pop back out when
clicked again (false).
* RadioButtons stay pressed in when the string variable matches their
value, and pop out when the string variable changes.
* [x] **Checkbox** and **Radiobox**: a Frame widget that wraps a
CheckButton and a Label to provide a more traditional UI element.
* Works the same as CheckButton and RadioButton but draws a separate
label next to a small check button. Clicking the label will toggle the
state of the checkbox.
* [x] **Window**: a Frame with a title bar Frame on top.
* Can be managed by Supervisor to give Window Manager controls to it
(drag it by its title bar, Close button, window focus, multiple overlapping
windows, and so on).
2 years ago
* [x] **Tooltip**: a mouse hover label attached to a widget.
* [x] **MenuButton**: a button that opens a modal pop-up menu on click.
* [x] **MenuBar**: a specialized Frame that groups a bunch of MenuButtons and
provides a simple API to add menus and items to it.
* [x] **Menu**: a frame full of clickable links and separators. Usually used as
a modal pop-up by the MenuButton and MenuBar.
**Work in progress widgets:**
* [ ] **Scrollbar**: a Frame including a trough, scroll buttons and a
draggable slider.
* [ ] **SelectBox:** a kind of MenuButton that lets the user choose a value
from a list of possible values, bound to a string variable.
**Wish list for the longer-term future:**
* [ ] **TextBox:** an editable text field that the user can focus and type
a value into.
* Would depend on the WindowManager to manage focus for the widgets.
## Supervisor for Interaction
Some widgets that support user interaction (such as Button, CheckButton and
Checkbox) need to be added to the Supervisor which watches over them and
communicates events that they're interested in.
```go
func SupervisorSDL2Example() {
// NOTE: using the render/sdl engine.
window := sdl.New("Hello World", 800, 600)
window.Setup()
// One Supervisor is needed per UI.
supervisor := ui.NewSupervisor()
// A button for our UI.
btn := ui.NewButton("Button1", ui.NewLabel(ui.Label{
Text: "Click me!",
}))
// Add it to the Supervisor.
supervisor.Add(btn)
// Main loop
for {
// Check for keyboard/mouse events
ev, _ := window.Poll()
// Ping the Supervisor Loop function with the event state, so
// it can trigger events on the widgets under its care.
supervisor.Loop(ev)
}
}
```
You only need one Supervisor instance per UI. Add() each interactive widget
to it, and call its Loop() method in your main loop so it can update the
state of the widgets under its care.
The MainWindow includes its own Supervisor, see below.
## Window Manager
The ui.Window widget provides a simple frame with a title bar. But, you can
use the Supervisor to provide Window Manager controls to your windows!
The key steps to convert a static Window widget into one that can be dragged
around by its title bar are:
1. Call `window.Supervise(ui.Supervisor)` and give it your Supervisor. It will
register itself to be managed by the Supervisor.
2. In your main loop, call `Supervisor.Loop()` as you normally would. It
handles sending mouse and keyboard events to all managed widgets, including
the children of the managed windows.
3. In the "draw" part of your main loop, call `Supervisor.Present()` as the
final step. Supervisor will draw the managed windows on top of everything
else, with the current focused window on top of the others. Note: managed
windows are the _only_ widgets drawn by Supervisor; other widgets should be
drawn by their parent widgets in their respective Present() methods.
You can also customize the colors and title bar controls of the managed windows.
Example:
```go
func example() {
engine, _ := sdl.New("Example", 800, 600)
supervisor := ui.NewSupervisor()
win := ui.NewWindow("My Window")
// Customize the colors of the window. Here are the defaults:
win.ActiveTitleBackground = render.Blue
win.ActiveTitleForeground = render.White
win.InactiveTitleBackground = render.DarkGrey
win.InactiveTitleForeground = render.Grey
// Customize the window buttons by ORing the options.
// NOTE: Maximize behavior is still a work in progress, the window doesn't
// redraw itself at the new size correctly yet.
// NOTE: Minimize button has no default behavior but does trigger a
// MinimizeWindow event that you can handle yourself.
win.SetButtons(ui.CloseButton | ui.MaximizeButton | ui.MinimizeButton)
// Add widgets to your window.
label := ui.NewLabel(ui.Label{
Text: "Hello world!",
})
win.Pack(label, ui.Pack{
Side: ui.W,
})
// Compute the window and its children.
win.Compute(engine)
// This is the key step: give the window to the Supervisor.
win.Supervise(supervisor)
// And in your main loop:
// NOTE: MainWindow.MainLoop() does this for you automatically.
for {
ev, _ = engine.Poll() // poll render engine for mouse/keyboard events
supervisor.Loop(ev)
supervisor.Present(engine)
}
}
```
See the eg/windows/ example in the git repository for a full example, including
SDL2 and WebAssembly versions.
## MainWindow for Simple Applications
The MainWindow widget may be used for "simple" UI applications where all you
want is a GUI and you don't want to manage your own SDL2 (or Canvas) engine.
MainWindow is only to be used **one time** per application, and it sets up
its own SDL2 render context and creates the main window. It also contains a
Frame widget for the window contents and you may Pack() widgets into the
window the same as you would a Frame.
MainWindow includes its own Supervisor: just call the `.Add(Widget)`
method to add interactive widgets to the supervisor. The MainLoop() of the
window calls Supervisor.Loop() automatically.
# License
MIT.